Although simple individually, artificial neurons provide state-of-the-art performance when interconnected in deep networks. Unknown to many, there exists an arguably even simpler and more versatile learning mechanism, namely, the Tsetlin Automaton. Merely by means of a single integer as memory, it learns the optimal action in stochastic environments. In this paper, we introduce the Tsetlin Machine, which solves complex pattern recognition problems with easy-to-interpret propositional formulas, composed by a collective of Tsetlin Automata. To eliminate the longstanding problem of vanishing signal-to-noise ratio, the Tsetlin Machine orchestrates the automata using a novel game. Our theoretical analysis establishes that the Nash equilibria of the game are aligned with the propositional formulas that provide optimal pattern recognition accuracy. This translates to learning without local optima, only global ones. We argue that the Tsetlin Machine finds the propositional formula that provides optimal accuracy, with probability arbitrarily close to unity. In four distinct benchmarks, the Tsetlin Machine outperforms both Neural Networks, SVMs, Random Forests, the Naive Bayes Classifier and Logistic Regression. It further turns out that the accuracy advantage of the Tsetlin Machine increases with lack of data. The Tsetlin Machine has a significant computational performance advantage since both inputs, patterns, and outputs are expressed as bits, while recognition of patterns relies on bit manipulation. The combination of accuracy, interpretability, and computational simplicity makes the Tsetlin Machine a promising tool for a wide range of domains, including safety-critical medicine. Being the first of its kind, we believe the Tsetlin Machine will kick-start completely new paths of research, with a potentially significant impact on the AI field and the applications of AI.
The abstract is taken from: arXiv:1804.01508v1 [cs.AI].
Read the full paper here.
The new publication is titled: The Tsetlin Machine - A Game Theoretic Bandit Driven Approach to Optimal Pattern Recognition with Propositional Logic. 05.04.18